Metal consumption of Branch of mechanical engineering, engaged in production of such production, such as, metallurgical, power, the mining equipment consume many ferrous and non-ferrous metals. In this regard the engineering plants which are engaged in release of such production usually try to be as it is possible closer to metallurgical bases to reduce expenses on delivery of raw materials. The majority of large plants of heavy mechanical engineering are located in the Urals.
Àâòîìîáèëüíàÿ ïðîìûøëåííîñòü. On output, and also at the cost of fixed assets it is the largest branch of mechanical engineering. Production of automotive industry is widely used in all branches of a national economy and is one of the most quick-selling goods in retail trade. Over 80% of the transported freights are the share of the motor transport.
Ìàøèíîñòðîåíèå äëÿ ëåãêîé è ïèùåâîé ïðîìûøëåííîñòè. Here the following subsectors enter: production of the equipment for the textile, knitted, clothing, shoe, tanning, fur industry, and also for production of chemical fibers and the equipment for the food industry. A major factor of placement is the proximity to the consumer therefore the vast majority of plants, and more than 90% of volume of release of products are placed in the European zone (mainly the Central, Volga-Vyatka, Northwest and Volga region areas).
The condition of mechanical engineering was also aggravated with the high level of concentration and monopolism of production. Among 2/3 enterprises everyone lets out over 75% of production of a certain look, that is actually is her exclusive producer.
The river shipbuilding is presented by numerous shipyards on the major river highways: To Volga (Nizhny Novgorod Novgoro, Ob, Yenisei. The advantageous geographical position of such plants does a construction of vessels at such enterprises very effective.
Reduction of demand in branches consumers compelled mechanical engineering to adapt to conditions of use of its production, increasing release of universal equipment and introducing primitive technologies. It will lead to the termination of release of the knowledge-intensive production, further curtailment of machine-building production and eventually to attenuation of investment process and elimination of key branches of economy (except raw, possessing an export potential).
Secondly, the mechanical engineering creates the cars and the equipment used everywhere: in the industry, agriculture, in life, on transport. Therefore, scientific and technical progress in all branches of a national economy materializes through production of mechanical engineering, in particular its such priority branches as machine-tool construction, electrotechnical and electronic industry, instrument making, production of electronic computer facilities. The mechanical engineering, thus, represents the catalyst of scientific and technical progress on the basis of which modernization of all branches of a national economy is carried out. Therefore the basic economic purpose of production of mechanical engineering – to facilitate work and to increase its productivity by saturation of all branches of a national economy fixed assets high technical urovnya.1
Some revival of production in mechanical engineering was practically not reflected in increase of demand for processing equipment as its park is used less than on a half now. Therefore, in process of increase in production at the enterprises consumers loading of already available equipment will increase originally, to go accumulation of the capital and only then there can be a modernization prospect, and consequently acquisitions of the new equipment.